Banks in Egypt: Types and Importance

Banks in Egypt: Types and Importance

Banks in Egypt have several types, forms, and uses; in this article, we will discuss them and give you all the information and details you need.

Banks in Egypt

The bank is an institution that plays the role of a mediator between the capital of those who own it as a surplus that exceeds their needs.

 And those who search for those funds for a need or to invest them, and the need for banks in Egypt and the whole world increased with the industrial revolution in Europe, which led to its entry into the era of production, characterized by development and business renewal.

As banks used modern innovations in the field of technology, To provide banking services and introduce new products, several forms of banks emerged.

Banks are divided according to the sources of their funds into:

Banks forms in Egypt

Banks in Egypt

Banks in Egypt

Central banks in Egypt

The central bank is the basis of the banking system, as it aims to provide services to the general economic environment and not to achieve profits. Its capital consists of what the state allocates to it and from the deposits of commercial banks.

  • Issuance of money, whether paper or coin.
  • Supervising, directing, and controlling the banking system.
  • Maintaining state assets such as gold and a group of hard currencies.
  • It preserves the value of the country’s official currency from depreciating against foreign currencies.
  • Determining the monetary policy followed, expansionary or contractionary, by controlling the interest rate, for example.
  • Providing banking services to governments.

Investment banks in Egypt

They are the banks that finance major investment projects to revitalize the economy and issue securities such as shares and bonds for joint stock companies. These banks can also enter as partners in some significant industrial establishments.

Investment banks are an ideal choice for publicly traded companies and individual investors who have sufficient capital.

Retail Banks

These banks are the most common type of banks used by individuals and small businesses, and these banks also provide commercial banking services in some cases.

 This type of bank is either a small local or national bank with branches all over the country, providing services such as bank accounts, personal loans, debit, and credit cards, and their ATMs are spread in most places.

 This type of bank is an ideal choice for those who are looking for suitable personal banking solutions.

Commercial banks in Egypt

  • They are banks that specialize primarily in providing banking services to companies, tiny and medium-sized companies, but they also offer services to individuals.
  • Commercial banks charge more fees than retail banks but provide more services in return, mainly enhancing financial liquidity in the market.
  • This bank provides various loans, cash management services, equipment purchase and lease loans, trade finance, and foreign exchange services.
  • Such banks are ideal for companies to open a bank account, obtain a loan, or transfer money abroad.

More types of banks in Egypt

Banks in Egypt

Banks in Egypt

Credit unions banks

These banks are not-for-profit banking institutions that provide services similar to those offered by retail and commercial banks, providing services to individuals, start-ups, and small businesses.

Unlike other types of banks, unions only offer their services to people who belong to a particular group, such as people who live in a specific area, those who live in low-income communities, or war veterans.

These banks offer personal and business loans, bank account opening services, education loans, and retirement savings accounts.

Private banks in Egypt

They are banks designated for wealthy individuals with assets of at least one million dollars. The minimum amount required to open an account in such banks varies from one bank to another.

Private banks provide comprehensive financial planning, investment advisory, wealth management, credit services, and lending.

Electronic banks

Individuals can achieve their banking needs through an intelligent mobile phone through electronic banks. This type of bank is widely spread in East Asia; electronic banks are characterized by providing easy-to-use banking solutions with low fees.

New banks in Egypt

A new type of bank, where smaller digital platforms perform the same services as retail banks but operate entirely online, thus charging lower fees than traditional retail banks.

Shadow banks

It is a banking network that does not adhere to the same regulations that central banks have to comply with, and these institutions take money from savings accounts and investors and lend it to borrowers.

Shadow banks can provide the same services as other banks but are not subject to government oversight.

Challenger banks in Egypt

These banks are so named because they challenge the traditional form of banking, and they are not entirely new banks, but rather a mixture of many other types of banks, and can include shadow banks and other private banks.

Egypt’s top bank for opening savings accounts

There are a lot of banks in Egypt that can be determined based on the features it offers, which we will only know about by addressing the features and details of opening an account in each bank in the Arab Republic of Egypt, as there are many banks in Egypt that provide a large number of services to their customers.

Each customer chooses the bank that suits his requirements and needs, so the customer is well researched about the bank’s issues when he wants to open a savings account, so we offer you some banks that will give you a good experience.

Egypt is full of distinguished banks, as there are banks that offer many advantages to opening saving accounts in them, and among the best existing banks that can be opened for a savings account.

And now we will give you an example of one of the best banks in Egypt:

Al Ahli Bank

The National Bank of Egypt is characterized by the ease of opening a savings account and the ability to withdraw and deposit funds without a minimum or maximum limit, with a distinct periodic return.

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